HTML Introduction

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, it describes the structure of Web pages using mark-up, HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages and represented by tags.

These tags label pieces of content such as <heading>, <paragraph>, <table>, and so on

Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page. It forms a triad of cornerstone www (World Wide Web) technologies. Web browsers receive HTML documents from a web server or local storage and render them to multimedia web pages. HTML describes weekly and originally included web page structure indications for the document's appearance.



Tim Berners - Lee first created HTML in 1990. It stands for Hyper Text Mark-up Language. Hypertext means that the document contains links that allow the reader to jump entirely to other locations in the document or to another document. The latest version is known as HTML5.

A Mark - up Language is a way for computers to talk to each other about how text is processed and displayed. HTML uses two things in order to do this: Tags and Attributes.

Tags are used to mark the beginning of an HTML element and usually contained in angle brackets. An example of a tag is: <h1>.

Most tags must be opened <h1> and closed </h1> in order to function.

Attributes contain additional pieces of information. Attributes take the form of an opening tag and inside additional information is placed.

An example of an attribute is:

<img src=\"mydog.gif\" alt=\"A photo of my dog.\">

In this instance, the image source (src) and the alt text (alt) are attributes of the <img> tag.